I-130 Processing Time For Children, Parents, Spouse and Siblings (Updated February-2019)

As of February 2019, the USCIS processing time for Form I-130 range between 5 months and 10 years. Processing time will vary based on the immigration status of the petitioner, the petition type and the service center.

There are certain limitations to the relatives you can petition based on your immigration status.

Only U.S Citizens or Green card holders may file Form I-130 with the USCIS to petition a relative.

Contents:

Green Card Holders can petition for the following relatives

  • Spouse
  • Unmarried sons or daughters of any age

U.S citizens can petition for the following relatives

  • Spouse
  • Unmarried sons or daughters of any age
  • Married sons or daughters of any age
  • Brothers or sisters only if you are 21 years of age or older
  • Your parents only if you are 21 years of age or older

There are five service centers that process Form I-130. Each has its own processing time based on the number of petitions they are processing.

If you filed already and you received your approval notice then you can use the receipt number to find the processing center. The processing center will also be printed at the bottom of your receipt.

Below is the list of all service centers involved in processing Form I-130:

If you are looking to file in the future please understand certain types of I-130 petitions (the type of relationship between you and the relative) are not processed in all the service centers.

Here are more details regarding the different service center processing times, the immigration status of the petitioner and the relative.

The ranges below are estimated processing times as of February 2019. For current processing times, please visit the USCIS website.

California Service Center

Green Card holders estimated time

  • If filing for a spouse — between 19 to 24.5 months.
  • If filing for a child under 21 years of age — between 19 to 24.5 months.
  • If filing for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 41 to 53 months.

U.S citizens estimated time

  • If filing for unmarried son or daughter who is  21 years or older — between 31.5 to 41 months
  • If filing for a married son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 78.5 to 102 months
  • If filing for a brother or sister — between 90 to 117 months

Texas Service Center

Green Card Holders estimated time

  • If filing for a spouse — between 5 to 7 months
  • If filing for a child under 21 years of age — between 5 to 7 months
  • If filing for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 5 to 7 months

U.S citizens estimated time

  • If filing for a spouse — between 6 to 8 months
  • If filing for father or mother — between 6 to 8 months
  • If filing for a child under 21 years of age — between 6 to 8 months
  • If filing for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 6 to 8 months
  • If filing for a married son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 6 to 8 months
  • If filing for a brother or sister — between 6 to 8 months

Vermont Service Center

Green Card Holders estimated time

  • If filing for a spouse — between 5 to 7 months
  • If filing for a child under 21 years of age — between 5 to 7 months
  • If filing for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 70 to 91 months

U.S citizens estimated time

  • If filing for a spouse — between 5 to 7 months
  • If filing for father or mother — between 5 to 7 months
  • If filing for a child under 21 years of age — between 5 to 7 months
  • If filing for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 70 to 91 months
  • If filing for a married son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 74 to 96.5 months
  • If filing for a brother or sister — between 84 to 109.5 months

Nebraska Service Center

Green Card Holders estimated time

  • If filing for a spouse — between 7.5 to 9.5 months
  • If filing for a child under 21 years of age — between 7.5 to 9.5 months
  • If filing for unmarried son or daughter who — 21 years or older is between 7.5 to 9.5 months

U.S citizens estimated time

  • If filing for a spouse — between 7.5 to 9.5 months
  • If filing for father or mother — between 7.5 to 9.5 months
  • If filing for a child under 21 years of age — between 7.5 to 9.5 months
  • If filing for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 7.5 to 9.5 months
  • If filing for a married son or daughter who is 21 years or older — between 7.5 to 9.5 months
  • If filing for a brother or sister — between 7.5 to 9.5 months

Potomac Service Center

U.S citizens estimated time

  • If filing for a spouse — between 9 to 12 months
  • If filing for father or mother — between 9 to 12 months
  • If filing for a child under 21 years of age — between 9 to 12 months

Can I choose the service center with the shortest processing time?

If you have not filed your application already then based on the above processing time details you may be wishing you could choose which service center to use.

Unfortunately, you cannot do that. Completed forms should be sent to the right USCIS lockbox facilities as instructed.

The lockbox facilities will forward the applications to the appropriate service centers for further processing.


Can I request to change the service center?

If you filed already and you are checking for the processing time then you might wonder if it is possible to change the service center. Unfortunately, you cannot change the service center after filing Form I-130.

When applications are sent to the lockbox facilities they will forward the applications to the service centers designated to that application. USCIS has a huge backlog and unfortunately is not processing applications fast.

If the workload of the service center is too high they might transfer cases to a different service center to decrease the backlog. However, this will not likely have any impact on the processing time of your application.


What to do if my processing time is way longer than the time range given?

If you have already filed and your processing time seems to be more than the above-mentioned date range then you might be eligible to submit an “outside normal processing time” service request to the USCIS.


What does “outside normal processing time” service request mean?

USCIS is not yet perfect in managing the paperwork. This leaves room for errors when millions of applications are involved. So when you are submitting Form I-130, USCIS will send a receipt to inform about your petition.

It is important to follow the next steps as required by the USCIS. If a petition is accepted for further processing then the notice will carry a receipt date. This receipt date can be used to inquire about your application if you are eligible.


How to know if I am eligible to ask USCIS about my petition?

To check if you are eligible to submit a request you need the approval notice. The approval notice will contain a receipt date. If the receipt date is before the receipt date displayed on the USCIS website then you may submit a request to the USCIS.

The dates below are estimated receipt dates arranged by service center and type of petition displayed by the USCIS in February of 2019. For current receipt dates, please visit the USCIS website.

California Service Center

Green Card holders can submit a request

  • If you filed a petition for your spouse and the case receipt date is before February 01, 2017.
  • If you filed a petition for a child under 21 years and the case receipt date is before February 01, 2017.
  • If you filed a petition for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before September 22, 2014.

U.S citizens can submit a request

  • If you filed a petition for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before September 28, 2015.
  • If you filed a petition for a married son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before September 16, 2010.
  • If you filed a petition for a brother or sister and the case receipt date is before July 01, 2009.

Texas Service Center

Green Card Holders can submit a request

  • If you filed a petition for a spouse and the case receipt date is before July 02, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a child under 21 years of age is between 5 to 10 months and the case receipt date is before July 02, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before July 02, 2018.

U.S citizens can submit a request

  • If you filed a petition for spouse and the case receipt date is before June 10, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for father or mother and the case receipt date is before June 10, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a child under 21 years of age and the case receipt date is before June 10, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before June 10, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a married son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before June 10, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a brother or sister and the case receipt date is before June 10, 2018.

Vermont Service Center

Green Card Holders can submit a request

  • If you filed a petition for a spouse and the case receipt date is before July 02, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a child under 21 years of age and the case receipt date is before July 02, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before August 19, 2011.

U.S citizens can submit a request

  • If you filed a petition for spouse and the case receipt date is before July 02, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for father or mother and the case receipt date is before July 02, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a child under 21 years of age and the case receipt date is before July 02, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before August 19, 2011.
  • If you filed a petition for a married son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before March 08, 2011.
  • If you filed a petition for a brother or sister and the case receipt date is before February 10, 2010.

Nebraska Service Center

Green Card Holders can submit a request

  • If you filed a petition for a spouse and the case receipt date is before April 20, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a child under 21 years of age and the case receipt date is before April 20, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before April 20, 2018.

U.S citizens can submit a request

  • If you filed a petition for spouse and the case receipt date is before April 20, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for father or mother and the case receipt date is before April 20, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a child under 21 years of age and the case receipt date is before April 20, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for unmarried son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before April 20, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a married son or daughter who is 21 years or older and the case receipt date is before April 20, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a brother or sister and the case receipt date is before April 20, 2018.

Potomac Service Center

U.S citizens can submit a request

  • If you filed a petition for spouse and the case receipt date is before February 13, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for father or mother and the case receipt date is before February 13, 2018.
  • If you filed a petition for a child under 21 years of age and the case receipt date is before February 13, 2018.

If you believe the receipt date of your application is before the above-mentioned dates, you can consider submitting an inquiry to the USCIS about your case. Hope this article has helped.