Children who do not live in the US may still be eligible for US citizenship under Section 322 of the Immigration and Nationality Act in cases where a child was born in the US or was born to US parents. Children who do not live in the US but who are rightfully citizens because their parents were US citizens or because of their place of birth may claim their citizenship by filing USCIS Form N-600K (Application for Citizenship and Issuance of Certificate Under Section 322). This form may be filed as well if a parent wants US citizenship for their adopted child under section 322 of the INA. The form can also be filed by a US guardian or grandparent if a child's eligible parents have child. In these cases, the form must be filed within five years of the parent's death.