A child who was issued a green card before he or she turned 14, will need to apply for and get a new green card after turning 14. They need to do so within 30 days from their 14th birthday, by filing Form I-90, Application to Replace Permanent Resident Card.
However, nothing will happen to the permanent resident status of the child after they turn 14. They will continue to be permanent residents. All they need to do is to update the green card. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will schedule a biometrics appointment where the child will be photographed and fingerprinted. USCIS requires children turning 14 to update their green cards to keep its database up to date. To fulfil this requirement, children turning 14 will need to file Form I-90 and get new green cards.
Applicants may not be required to pay the form filing fees if their green cards will not expire until they turn 16. However, they will have to pay the $85 biometrics service fees. In this case, they will have to choose “2.g1.” (I have reached my 14th birthday and am registering as required. My existing card will expire AFTER my 16th birthday) under Application Type.
Children whose cards will expire before they turn 16 will have to select option “2.g2.” (I have reached my 14th birthday and am registering as required. My existing card will expire BEFORE my 16th birthday). These applicants will have to pay both the application filing fees and the biometrics services fees.
If the child has turned 14 and if his or her card has already expired, they cannot choose the above mentioned options. They will have to choose “2.f” (My existing card has already expired or will expire within six months), to get new green cards. This process may not be convenient and can seem expensive, but it is mandatory to get a new green card after turning 14.